The delivery of healthcare has gone through dramatic changes. The emphasis has moved away from brick, and mortar hospitals, and even doctor’s offices. The home has become a noninstitutional setting for healthcare.
The health care system is under considerable stress. Many patients have an early release from hospitals that still need continuing care and management. This care, in part, is being delivered by both laypeople and professional caregivers.
Technologies exist to help patients to manage their health and assist others with health care bringing together both laypeople and professional caregivers in noninstitutional settings.
Acute and chronic medical conditions are being treated, including disease prevention and helping people make better lifestyle choices.
The medical technologies range in complexity from conventional materials used to administer first aid to the application of advanced medical treatment employing sophisticated medical devices sometimes operated by miniature wireless devices.
Some of these devices have been used in the home, while emerging technologies are beginning to overtake their junior counterparts requiring the development of innovative home-style health care management.
The use of these technologies outside of institutional health care needs that the devices are safe, usable,, and practical and standalone without institutional support.
Home medical devices are those that are effective in the diagnosis of a disease or the treatment, prevention of disease, or mitigation. The common types of devices for home use are those that deliver liquid medications or first aid, such as dosing cups for measuring cough medications, for instance, or devices that split pills.
Other types of common home devices, better known as first aid medical equipment, are a variety of thermometers measuring temperatures orally, rectally, in-ear or the forehead, ace bandages, snakebite kits, and heating pads.
Assistive technologies include wheelchairs, canes, crutches, glasses, hearing aids, prosthetic devices such as artificial limbs and leg braces. Any medical equipment that can be used in the home is referred to as durable medical equipment.
The list of durable medical equipment is long which includes colostomy bag, CPAP machine, Crutch, Diabetic Shoes, feeding tube, and glucose meter. Pharmacies have provided support for the disabled and medically infirm dispensing durable medical equipment.